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History of Arlington, Cutter

Jabez Wyman of Woburn m. Lydia Winship 13 Jan. 1767, had a daughter. stillborn 22 Dec. 1767. He was son of Jabez Wyman of Woburn, bp. Woburn 2nd precinct now Burlington 26 Dec. 1736. In letter to Rev. Isaiah Dunster dated 28 Jul. 1775 states Jabez Wyman "used to work for Mr. Cooke" which fact is borne out in a deed in the handwriting of the Rev. Samuel Cooke, where Jabez Wyman of Cambridge "laborer" and wife Lydia in her right, sell to Ammi Cutter, miller, on 23 Mar 1773, three acres in Cambridge, bounded northeast on a road leading to part of Lexington. Jabez Wyman and his brother-in-law Jason Winship were both killed by the British in Cooper's Tavern, in Menotomy, on 19 April 1775, the site where the Arlington House now stands. The troops fired more than a hundred bullets into the house on the afternoon of that day; hen a number of them entered and slew the two men named above, stabbing them through in many places, breaking their skulls, scattering their brains &c. -Benjamin and Rachel Cooper's Deposition

Arlington Death Records

Battles of Lexington and Concord" 19 Apr. 1775

Woburn Death Records

Jesse Wyman d. 22 Jun 1775 ae 21 mortally wounded at Bunker Hill.(b.1754 ?)

Jonas Wyman d. in army 1776.

Nathaniel Wyman d.2 Apr 1776 ae 49 (b. 1727 ?) also in Burlington death records

Burlington Death Records

Nath[aniel] 2 Apr. 1776 ae. 49y.

Billerica Bicentennial Commission , Peter Woodbury,

"As the sun rose that morning, the Minute Men under Captain Bridge and the rest of the militia under Captains Farmer and Pollard reported to the Billerica Common. The Pollard Tavern was busy that morning as officers gathered and discussed plans. One hundred and eight men from Billerica marched to Concord that day and engaged the Regulars at Merriam's Corner. Nathan Wyman was killed; John Nickels and Timothy Blanchard were wounded."

The Winchester Star, Nov. 15, 1973

he [Hezekiah Wyman] set off for Lexington too late for the battle on the Common, but he came upon the retreating British and made them very miserable. Chapman's history quotes the first known article about him from the Boston "Pearl" written sometime before 1840. "His tall gaunt form, his white locks floating in the breeze, and the color of his horse distinguished him from the other Americans; the British called him "Death on the Pale Horse"...Once a bayonet charge drove him off,...but ere long he was returning to the charge and this time killed an officer. His powerful white horse, careening at full speed over the hills, with the dauntless old man on his back, was continually to be seen, and the British learned to read his appearance in their front and the report of his trusty musket."

Hezekiah Wyman finally joined the "old men of Menotomy" who hid behind stone walls in what is now Arlington Center and attacked the ammunition and supply wagons that were sent from Boston to help the retreating British.

In his will made in June, 1779, Hezekiah left his white mare to his son , Daniel. One of Daniel's sons, George Wyman, lived in the house that still stands at 195 Cambridge Street, opposite the Winchester Conservatories.

A Winchester newspaper April 17 1975, Vol. XCIV, NO. 34

From the events of this day have come many tales. The best known is the story of "The White Horseman." The first written account of this story appear in The Boston Pearl and Literary Gazette an "original" written by "a soldier of the Revolution," on Aug. 22, 1835.

It was obviously blown-up version of what might have been authentic facts. It concerns an almost supernatural old man on a powerful white horse who harassed the British during their retreat from Concord.

The Winchester men who are definitely known to have been at Lexington-Concord or at Bunker Hill are ... Paul Wyman

Menotomy: Scene of day's bloodiest fighting (source unknown)

"A member of one of the oldest families in the town, Jason Winship, 45, a cousin of Mrs. Jason Russell, was spreading the glad tidings of a special family event. Winship's first wife had died in child-bed, four more of his children had died at birth and now, at last, the family had its first son, and he was to be baptized this coming Sabbath. Jason had met with his Brother-in-law, Jabez Wyman of Woburn, to toast the coming event. Tavern keeper Benjamin Cooper had prepared a festive drink, flip, made with egg, sugar, and spices. Wyman, though he had a long ride home with the news of the christening, told Winship: "Let us finish the mug, they won't come yet." But the redcoats were hurrying, and they did come. The tavern keeper and his wife, who managed to escape to the cellar, told how a hundred bullets suddenly tore through the tavern and enraged troops rushed in. The Coopers said: "The two aged (sic) gentlemen were most barbarously and inhumanely murdered by them, being stabbed through in many places, their heads mangled, skulls broke, and their brains out on the floor and walls of the house."

The following Sabbath the christening of the infant Jason Winship was held, and the same day in the same meeting house the bereaved families gathered for a memorial service to all the men who had died as the redcoats swept through Menotomy."

Three Unidentified Newspaper articles

Two Murdered At The Tavern

"In the fighting that continued in the town until later afternoon when the British reached Cambridge, two elderly men, Jason Winship and Jabez Wyman, were violently murdered in Cooper's Tavern.

Wyman and Winship were two of the old men who had taken part in the capture of Lord Percy's convoy earlier in the day and had dropped in to the tavern to get the latest news.

As the troops were approaching, the landlady, Rachel Cooper was mixing flip for the men. However, she was able to escape to the cellar with her husband.

Wyman Follows British

"Riding a white horse, [Hezekiah] Wyman of Woburn is said to have harassed the retreating troops the entire length of the march.

The gray haired man followed their trail from Concord as he would "ride toward the column within gunshot, then turn his horse, throw himself off, and aim his long gun resting on the saddle."

The aim was said to mean sure death and the troops came to dread him. Whenever he was sighted, a warning cry went out: "Look out for the man on the white horse."

Finally at Charlestown, he was seen riding toward the Neck pursued by a flank guard when he suddenly turned and fired his deadly gun once more."

Old Men Of Menotomy Make First War Capture

As mid-morning reports reached Menotomy that a British supply train was heading toward the town. About twelve of the old men who had been left behind when the younger men left for the "thick of the fighting" constructed a dirt barricade across the common.

There they waited for the supply train to arrive.

While they were waiting, an old black man, Cuff Cartwright (formerly the property of a Mr. Cartwright who lived nearby) asked what the men were doing. They explained and he replied, "You old fools."

"Them Britishers won't be stopped by you in this way," he continued , "They are reglar sojers, have seen sarvis, they will fire upon you , kill some of you, charge bayonet upon the rest, and then on with their march. Now if you will put yourselves under me, I'll capture the baggage and every Red Coat that we don't kill, without harm one of you

After Cartwright outlined his plan, the men, thinking it was a wise one, agreed to let him be their leader.

Each man he ordered to hide behind a wall directly behind the meeting house and to remain perfectly still until the supply train was in front of them.

Cartwright told them he would keep watch and when he signaled they were to rise, take careful aim, shoot, then rush over the wall and demand the surrender of those not dead.

The plan worked and a sergeant and three of his men fell. The rest, crying for mercy, surrendered to the Old Men of Menotomy.

(The Cartwright anecdote was found in the notes of the Rev. David Damon, pastor of the Unitarian Church from 1835-43, approximately ten years ago)(There are several conflicting accounts of this affair involving different persons)

A Bill reproduced "Sold at Queen Street"

"A LIST of the Names of the PROVINCIALS who were Killed and Wounded in the late Engagement with His Majesty's Troops at Concord, &c. "Killed Of Lexington Mr. Nathaniel Wyman" A reproduction of the original with skull and crossbones at the top.

Paul Revere's Ride , David Fischer, Oxford U. Press, 1994

p 169 re Jabez Wyman.

p. 182-183 re Hancock and Adams to Wyman house.

p320 "Lexington: killed ... Nathaniel Wyman"

p254-255, 413-414 re Hezekiah Wyman.

History of Woburn, Sewall pg 565-578

Appendix NO. XII

Woburn Men in the Revolutionary War 1775-1783

Here are 33 Wyman names, among others, who served in the Revolution, some are duplications.

p.367 He says that 376 Woburn men served in Rev. plus 46 more that were servants or hired. Woburn had three Companies, Capt. Jesse Wymans Co., Capt. Joshua Walker's Co., and Capt. Samuel Belknap's Co.

LIST OF WYMANS who served in the WAR OF THE REVOLUTION

FROM THE REVOLUTIONARY RECORDS OF MASSACHUSETTS

A long list of soldiers [22 pages] including 44 Wymans who are indicated as participating in the events of 19 April 1775. Includes WIMAN, WIMON, WYMAN, WYMON



Wymans in the Revolution




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